The Arab World stretches across more than 13,000,000 square kilometres (5,000,000 sq mi) of North Africa and the part of North-East Africa and South-West Asia. [28] Iranian Arabs are mainly found in Ahvaz, a southwestern region in the Khuzestan Province; others inhabit the Bushehr and Hormozgan provinces and the city of Qom. 2 Sep 2019 - 17:56. Photo: Culture Resource. This page provides values for GDP reported in several countries part of Africa. Arab Nationalist leaders of this period included Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, Ahmed Ben Bella of Algeria, Michel Aflaq, Salah al-Din al-Bitar, Zaki al-Arsuzi, Constantin Zureiq and Shukri al-Kuwatli of Syria, Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr of Iraq, Habib Bourguiba of Tunisia, Mehdi Ben Barka of Morocco, and Shakib Arslan of Lebanon. Shariah law exists partially in the legal system in some countries (especially in the Arabian peninsula), while others are legislatively secular. Napoleon Bonaparte’s invasion of Egypt in 1798 exposed native Egyptians to the principles of the French Revolution and encouraged modernization and secularization. There are also some Christian adherents in the Arab world, particularly in Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Jordan, and Palestine. Then they were then conquered by the Carthaginians in 200 Bc. Their expansion beyond Arabia and the Syrian desert is due to the Muslim conquests of the 7th and 8th centuries. There are nine Arab countries in Africa.They are Algeria,Comoros,Dijibouti,Eritrea,Libiya,Morocco,Somalia,Sudan,Tunisia,and Egypt. It is believed that the Arab world holds approximately 46% of the world's total proven oil reserves and a quarter of the world's natural-gas reserves.[45]. Islam was brought to Sudan from Egypt during the 8th to 11th centuries. Various indigenous languages are also spoken, which predate the spread of the Arabic language. In recent years a new term has been coined to define a greater economic region: the MENA region (standing for "Middle East and North Africa") is becoming increasingly popular, especially with support from the current US administration. Overall this wave has ebbed, though like the Arab expansion north it has left its mark. Arab States/North Africa Since independence, Arab and North African countries have struggled with multiple challenges. A distinctively Egyptian Arabic language emerged by the 16th century. East along the coast from Morocco are Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya, followed by Egypt, which forms the region's (and the continent's) northeastern corner. Young educated Moroccans began demanding independence. Northen Africa:(from east to west) Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania. The Arab league is a union of Arab-speaking African and Asian countries that promotes the interests of its 22 member countries and four observers. Due to limited resources and knowledge, some regions are still under developed. badea.org. However, the basic geography of sea, desert and mountain provides the enduring natural boundaries for this region. This territory, known as the MAGHREB, was inhabited by the BERBERS, who surrendered in large numbers to the invaders and adopted Islam. विश्व और क्षेत्रीय सांख्यिकी, राष्ट्रीय डेटा, नक्शे और रैंकिंग Phoenician traders arrived in North African around 900BC . Watch Queue Queue. Pan-Arabism has mostly been abandoned as an ideology since the 1980s, and was replaced by Pan-Islamism on one hand, and individual nationalisms on the other. Above all, the GPI of Yemen is only 0.46 in a 53% adult literacy rate. During these agreements, Morocco was stilled ruled by a sultan. The resultant polity was named the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz from 1927 until it was further consolidated with Al-Hasa and Qatif into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932. The modern borders of Egypt, therefore, are not a creation of European powers, and are at least in part based on historically definable entities which are in turn based on certain cultural and ethnic identifications. The Arab Petroleum Investments Corporation (APICORP) (www.APICORP.org) is a multilateral development financial institution established in 1975 by an international treaty between the ten Arab oil exporting countries. By Lucy Ilado. For the states and territories constituting the Arab world, see definition above. Many of the modern borders of the Arab World were drawn by European imperial powers during the 19th and early 20th century. Map of Algeria and the countries surrounding it. Phoenicians in 12th century BC. The Maghreb was also conquered in the 7th century, and gradually Arabized under the Fatimids. After the war, a so-called "Damascus Declaration" formalized an alliance for future joint Arab defensive actions between Egypt, Syria, and the GCC states.[47]. Somalia has two official languages, Arabic and Somali, both of which belong to the larger Afro-Asiatic language family. The United Arab Emirates has charted a path. For the purposes of this introduction, this territorial definition is combined with a linguistic one (use of the Arabic language, or its recognition as critical to identity), and thereby extended into multiple diasporas, especially the Americas, Europe, Southeast Asia, West Africa, and Australia. It aims to support and foster the development of the Arab world’s energy sector and petroleum industries. Another one million people (a quarter of the population) were wounded,[citation needed] and today approximately 76,000 people remain displaced within Lebanon. He was instrumental in repressing Islamic fundamentalists in the country. On 7 October, Global Day for Decent Work, South African workers are … coming together demanding urgent action from the authorities to address issues such as corruption, gender-based violence and the protection of collective bargaining. In addition Bahrain, Egypt, Tunisia, and Sudan all have smaller but significant reserves. Northen Africa:(from east to west) Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania. विश्व और क्षेत्रीय सांख्यिकी, राष्ट्रीय डेटा, नक्शे और रैंकिंग Arab Africa's boundary to the north is again a continental boundary, the Mediterranean Sea. i … Interestingly enough only Morocco, France, and Spain border the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. It is mainly oriented along an east–west axis. The early 2000s saw the creation of fledgling interim federal administrations, culminating in the establishment of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2004. At other times, kings, emirs or sheikhs were placed as semi-autonomous rulers over the newly created nation states, usually chosen by the same imperial powers that for some drew the new borders, for services rendered to European powers like the British Empire, e.g. On 7 October, Global Day for Decent Work, South African workers are … coming together demanding urgent action from the authorities to address issues such as corruption, gender-based violence and the protection of collective bargaining. By some definitions,[21][27] Arab citizens of Israel may concurrently be considered a constituent part of the Arab world. Algeria shares its border with 7 other nations. [12][13], The linguistic and political denotation inherent in the term Arab is generally dominant over genealogical considerations. Artists from the Arab world can now apply for the annual Production Awards programme. Others will probably follow. most ancient Egyptians were farmers living in small villages, and agriculture (largely wheat and barley) formed the economic base of the Egyptian state. By 1912, as the sultan’s sovereignty diminished he signed the treaty of Fes which made his country to be a French protectorate. The Carthaginian state got smaller because of defeats by the Romans in the Punic Wars, and in 146 B.C. Africa and Arab countries form one of the four regions in the PSI structure. There are also numbers of Assyrian, Armenian, Syriac-Aramean and Arab Christians throughout Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan, many of which have diminished due to various regional conflicts. Arab Nationalism was another strong force in the region which peaked during the mid-20th century and was professed by many leaders in Egypt, Algeria, Libya, Syria, and Iraq. List of countries by past and future population provide 1950, 2000 and 2050 population while … Only Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Sudan, Tunisia, Libya and North Yemen considered the short-lived unification of the United Arab Republic. Frontier Focused Understand the geological potential of overlooked mining countries,including the Sahelian countries of West Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Arabian NubianShield. Sherif Hussein ibn Ali. You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. You might be interested: What is the longest river in africa. The State of Libya is a country found in North Africa. When the Ottoman Empire collapsed as a result of World War I, much of the Arab world came to be controlled by the European colonial empires: Mandatory Palestine, Mandatory Iraq, British protectorate of Egypt, French protectorate of Morocco, Italian Libya, French Tunisia, French Algeria, French Mandate of Syria and Lebanon and the so-called Trucial States, a British protectorate formed by the sheikhdoms on the former "Pirate Coast". The Comoros has three official languages: Arabic, Comorian and French. Hence the east- and especially southeast-coast boundary of Arab Africa has historically been a gateway for maritime trade and cultural exchange with both East Africa and the subcontinent. Arabic is the official language of many countries in Asia and Africa. The main economic organisations in the Arab World are the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), comprising the states in the Persian Gulf, and the Union of the Arab Maghreb (UMA), made up of North African States. Under the programme, the country introduced new taxes and floated the currency with the intention to overhaul the economy, boost investor confidence and restore stability to capital markets. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. What are Arab countries called in Africa? In Syria, the Damascus Spring of 2000 to 2001 heralded the possibility of democratic change, but the Baathist regime managed to suppress the movement. By Lucy Ilado. Compartilhe isso: Twitter; Facebook; Like this: Like Loading... Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) was 94%, followed by the Maghreb at 83.2% and the Mashriq at 73.6%. [29] Greece and Cyprus also recognize Cypriot Maronite Arabic under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Later came the old kingdom ruled by the third dynasty of pharaohs and the dynasties continued to prosper until the end of the old kingdom which ended in chaos. The Arab League's main goal is to unify politically the Arab populations so defined. The Arab world has a combined population of around 422 million inhabitants (as of 2012)[11] and a gross domestic product of $2.782 trillion (2018). By ASHLEY PERRY . REFERENCES. Southeast along the coast from Djibouti is Somalia, but the Somali coast soon makes a 90-degree turn and heads northeast, mirroring a bend in the coast of Yemen across the water to the north and defining the south coast of the Gulf of Aden. Around 2055 B.C., the Theban prince Mentuhotep managed to topple Heracleopolis and reunited Egypt, beginning the 11th dynasty and ending the First Intermediate Period. Historically the 4,000-kilometer Mediterranean boundary has fluttered. Like Henry Kissinger, however, the black Africans advocate consolidating their political alliance with an underlying economic partnership. [52], Saudi Arabia remains the top Arab economy in terms of total GDP. Arab iptv m3u lists download. However even 19 million tons pa still only represents 1.7% of global steel production, and remains inferior to the production of countries like Brazil.[51]. The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria. While the Muslim Brotherhood had been active in Egypt since 1928, their militant actions were limited to assassination attempts on political leaders. Playlists work with Vlc Player, Smart Iptv... Arab iptv m3u lists download 10-06-20. admin-06/10/2020. A chain of events leading to the destabilization of the authoritarian regimes established during the 1950s throughout the Arab world became apparent during the early years of the 21st century. Watch Queue Queue The 14th-century Egyptian historian Al-Maqrizi, for instance, defines Egypt's boundaries as extending from the Mediterranean in the north to lower Nubia in the south; and between the Red Sea in the east and the oases of the Western/Libyan desert. The Western Sahara is a country located in North Africa. Arab Countries in Africa. The Arab world straddles two continents, Africa and Asia. Comorian is the most widely spoken language, with Arabic having a religious significance, and French being associated with the educational system. An Italian army base near Tripoli, Libya. In 1902, Ibn Saud recaptured Riyadh, the Al Saud dynasty's former capital. Egypt, Syria and Saudi Arabia joined a multinational coalition that opposed Iraq. The Arab states in changing alliances were involved in a number of wars with Israel and its western allies between 1948 and 1973, including the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the 1956 Suez Crisis, the Six-Day War of 1967, and the Yom Kippur War of 1973. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Culture Resource, a non-profit organisation that supports artistic creativity in the Arab world, is accepting applications for the second round of its Stand for Art programme. The eastern part of the Arab world is called the Mashriq. 4. They are working fine on Smart TV, Kodi, VLC, android, Windows, and iPhone. In 1979, Mauritania withdrew from the conflict after signing a peace treaty with the Polisario. Watch Queue Queue. The northern boundary of the African Arab world has also fluttered briefly in the other direction, first through the Crusades and later through the imperial involvement of France, Britain, Spain, and Italy. In the Arab world, Modern Standard Arabic, derived from Classical Arabic (symptomatic of Arabic diglossia), serves as an official language in the Arab League states, and Arabic dialects are used as lingua franca. In the west, it is bounded by the shores of the Atlantic Ocean. Spain still maintains two small enclaves, Ceuta and Melilla (called "Morocco Espanol"), along the otherwise Moroccan coast. The majority of Darija's cognates are shared with standard Arabic, but it also significantly borrows from Berber (Tamazight) substrates,[15] as well as extensively from French, the language of the historical colonial occupier of the Maghreb. Our 153 affiliated organisations in some 43 countries represent a membership of around 1.5 million people here. Public Services International has 134 affiliated unions in 41 countries in the Africa & Arab countries region. The Arab League is a regional organisation that aims (among other things) to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries and sets out the following definition of an Arab: An Arab is a person whose language is Arabic, who lives in an Arabic country, and who is in sympathy with the aspirations of the Arabic people. Egypt's Bid for Arab Leadership: Implications for U.S. Policy, By Gregory L. Aftandilian, Published by Council on Foreign Relations, 1993, European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-48703377, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC), nationalisms within the declining Ottoman Empire, List of modern conflicts in the Middle East, popular protests throughout the Arab world, International Association of Arabic Dialectology, Arabic language influence on the Spanish language, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, List of tallest buildings in the Arab League, "Demographic Yearbook—Table 3: Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density", "World Arabic Language Day | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization", "Population density (people per sq. The Western Sahara War was an armed struggle between the Sahrawi Polisario Front and Morocco between 1975 and 1991, being the most significant phase of the Western Sahara conflict. The Arab Abbasid Caliphate fell to the Mongol invasions in the 13th century. Various factions began competing for influence in the power vacuum that followed, which precipitated an aborted UN peacekeeping attempt in the mid-1990s. Non - Arab African Countries. As members of the Arab League, however, they are considered part of the Arab world under the standard territorial definition. In detail, out of 78 countries, Tunisia scored 46.79 points in the 2017 index of innovation on a global scale. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, French and British colonialism had profound effects on Egyptian society. It is Asia's eleventh largest economy, followed by Egypt and Algeria, which were also the second and third largest economies in Africa (after South Africa), in 2006. For the next six years, Iran was on the offensive. At the other extreme, the smallest autonomous mainland Arab country is Lebanon (10,452 km2), and the smallest island Arab country is Bahrain (665 km2). Donors in Arab Countries have long history as aid providers. Published under the Creative Commons Licence. Since its foundation in 1989, the UMA's most significant accomplishment has been the establishment of a 7000 km highway crossing North Africa from Mauritania to Libya's border with Egypt. North Africa feels closer to the Middle East culturally, religiously, and in terms of its values. Un.org – United Nations (2020). Later and current Arab Nationalist leaders include Muammar al-Gaddafi of Libya, Hafez al-Assad and Bashar al-Assad of Syria. Tunisia, one of the smallest countries in Africa, was once a colony of France. Follow . They are all modern states and became significant as distinct political entities after the fall and defeat and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire (1908–1922) . [35] According to a UN survey, in the Arab world, the average person reads four pages a year and one new title is published each year for every 12,000 people. Follow . 37% of Arab women experienced violence in their lifetime but the numbers may be higher according to indicators. 1,030 likes. The conflict erupted after the withdrawal of Spain from the Spanish Sahara in accordance with the Madrid Accords, by which it transferred administrative control of the territory to Morocco and Mauritania, but not the sovereignty. Despite the formal abolition of Slavery, its been observed that Slavery still exists in Africa today particularly in countries like Mauritania. Currently, Tunisia is a member of the League of Arab States. Arab Countries new iptv free list m3u. This page provides values for GDP reported in several countries part of Africa. The table has current values for GDP, previous releases, historical highs and record lows, release frequency, reported unit and currency plus links to historical data charts. In post-classical history, the Arab world was synonymous with the historic Arab empires and caliphates. The political borders of the Arab world have wandered, leaving Arab minorities in non-Arab countries of the Sahel and the Horn of Africa as well as in the Middle Eastern countries of Cyprus, Turkey and Iran, and also leaving non-Arab minorities in Arab countries. However, the Arab–Israeli conflict prompted their mass exodus between 1948 and 1972. However, population centers and the physical fact of the sea keeps this boundary of the Arab World settled on the Mediterranean coastline. ", Gender equality in Arab world critical for progress and prosperity, UN report warns, "Ancient Levantine Arabic: A Reconstruction Based on the Earliest Sources and the Modern Dialects", "E. African Nations Back Kenyan Offensive in Somalia", "Arab Nationalism: Mistaken Identity by Martin Kramer", "World Bank: Saudi Arabia, strongest Arab economy", http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2011/05/05/147980.html, Language and change in the Arab Middle East: the evolution of modern political discourse Studies in Middle Eastern history, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arab_world&oldid=988976237, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2015, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from June 2019, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2007, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 November 2020, at 09:52. 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